An introduction to Permafrost


A brief introduction to permafrost, including newer findings.

Credits
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National Park Service
Mariama Dryak
Zachary Richter
SWIPA 2017
Vladimir Romanovsky

Sources
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Climate Change in the Arctic
https://www.nps.gov/media/video/view.htm?id=C352BB55-1DD8-B71C-079DCE23BBA86D5E

Permafrost
https://www.nps.gov/media/video/view.htm?id=C352BB55-1DD8-B71C-079DCE23BBA86D5E

Teaser image International Permafrost Association https://ipa.arcticportal.org/publications/occasional-publications/what-is-permafrost

Permafrost may release largest Mercury source on Earth

There are 32 million gallons worth of mercury, or the equivalent of 50 Olympic swimming pools, trapped in the permafrost. For context, that’s “twice as much mercury as the rest of all soils, the atmosphere, and oceans combined. And it could be released. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2018/02/05/the-arctic-is-full-of-toxic-mercury-and-climate-change-is-going-to-release-it Ambarchik: Research on permafrost at the Siberian arctic coast https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZhGcJnRgzy4 Permafrost…

Trump: Record Cold Disproves Global Warming!

CO2 emissions from fossil fuel burning caused the Arctic to warm at least twice as fast as the rest of globe, resulting in the disappearance of Arctic sea ice – which in turn weakens the polar vortex, which in turn favors cold air intrusion into lower latitudes, and vise-versa.

Trump’s tweet https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/946531657229701120

Francis: A Trigger for Rapid Arctic Warming

Jennifer Francis from Rutgers University speaks about our atmosphere with a scope on the Arctic response to climate change and the connection to weather. This video is part of a panel presentation published by Earth Institute November 2017, with already improved sound quality (reduced humming sound).

Video via Earth Institute https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KSYM3jV2-8

Experts: Permafrost + Gas Hydrates in Arctic, Greenland SLR, Security


In this panel, Vladimir Romanovsky (University of Alaska Fairbanks), talks about thawing permafrost. Anders Levermann (PIK) 12:30 ,talks about Greenland’s contribution to sea level rise, David Titley (Ret. U.S. Navy Admiral, now Pennsylvania State University) 23:38 , talks about security, with a subsequent panel discussion 33:34 . Video via Earth Institute https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFe3GOCBZO8

Arctic Climate Feedbacks [peer-reviewed]

This peer-reviewed educational video introduces feedbacks that are important in the Arctic climate system. It is aimed at an undergraduate non-science major level. The video was produced by a team of CIRES scientists in collaboration with CIRES Education and Outreach. Video production was funded by Professor Jennifer Kay’s CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation…

Arctic Atmospheric Circulation, Freshwater and Sea Surface Height

NASA 2012: The transpolar drift (purple arrows) is a dominant circulation feature in the Arctic Ocean that carries freshwater runoff (red arrows) from rivers in Russia across the North Pole and south towards Greenland. Under changing atmospheric conditions, emergent circulation patterns (blue arrows) drive freshwater runoff east towards Canada, resulting in freshening of Arctic water…

Like Champagne opened, methane explosions resulted in Ocean craters

Like ‘champagne bottles being opened’: Scientists document an ancient Arctic methane explosion What could possibly go wrong, ignoring climate change, the warnings or clues from what science tells us, even if we were just creating a better world with clean energy, and millions of new jobs? One thing which could go very wrong, are based…

Methane in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (2017)

The East Siberian Arctic Shelf has received more attention in recent years in regards to a potential contribution of the greenhouse gas methane, for the global methane budget, from several different sources. However, more studies are required to better constrain this potential accelerator of ongoing climate change. Natalia Shakhova (2014), via Max Wilbert https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHziSe96UHY Natalia…

Climate Change in the Arctic and Model Projections

This video with scope on permafrost melting, highlights some of the new developments of our understandings, of what happens in the Arctic due to global warming. The Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), at the University of Alaska Fairbanks May 11, 2017. Professor of Geophysics Vladimir Romanovsky discusses the impact of Arctic permafrost thaw. Related http://permafrostwatch.org

Expert talks Arctic Permafrost Thaw (May 2017)

At the event How is climate impacting the Arctic, what does this mean & what can we do? hosted by The Woods Hole Research Center (WHRC), at the University of Alaska Fairbanks May 11, 2017. Professor of Geophysics Vladimir Romanovsky discusses the impact of Arctic permafrost thaw. Related http://permafrostwatch.org This video is an event excerpt,…