Abrupt Climate Change In The Arctic (And Beyond) An Update

AGU Fall Meeting 2013: Our understanding of future Arctic change is informed by the history of past changes, which often have been both large and abrupt. The well-known ice-age events such as the Younger Dryas show how sea-ice changes can amplify forcing to produce very large responses, with wintertime sea ice especially important. These changes…

Scientists’ Concerns Challenge Conservative Sea-Level Rise Projections

Published on YouTube Dec 5, 2013: The most sobering evidence of the planet’s response to greenhouse gases comes from the fossil record. New evidence scientists are collecting suggests that ice sheets may be more vulnerable than previously believed, which has huge implications for sea level rise.

State of the Ocean: Ocean Acidification and Previous Marine Extinctions

The 2013 report on the State of the Ocean, by IPSO can be accessed here (PDF). From the report: Executive Summary • Climate change and the ocean – What does the future hold? The ocean isshielding us from the worst effects of accelerating climate change by absorbing excess CO2 and heat from the atmosphere. The twin effects…

NASA: Ocean Heat Content

Oceanic heat content (OHC) is the heat stored in the ocean. Oceanography and climatology are the science branches which study ocean heat content. The changes in the ocean heat play an important role in sea level rise, because of thermal expansion. It is with high confidence that Ocean warming accounts for 90% of the energy accumulation from global warming between 1971 and 2010.  …

Earth Energy Imbalance

James Hansen explains Earth energy imbalance from anthropogenic forcing and the urgency to act, because of the climate inertia. Earth’s Energy Imbalance By James Hansen, Makiko Sato, Pushker Kharecha and Karina von Schuckmann — January 2012   Deployment of an international array of Argo floats, measuring ocean heat content to a depth of 2000 m,…

Anoxia and Euxinia Ocean Environmental Change

Reconstructing the history of euxinia in a coastal sea Caroline P. Slomp, 2013 DOI 10.1130/focus0420131.1 Web http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/41/4/523.full Areas of the coastal ocean where oxygen is low or absent in bottom waters, so-called dead zones, are expanding worldwide (Diaz and Rosenberg, 2008). Increased inputs of nutrients from land are enhancing algal blooms, and the sinking of this…

Peter Ward: Our Future In a World Without Ice Caps

Brown Bag Lecture Series; Center for Student Engagement & Leadership; and Arts, Culture, and Civic Engagement Apr. 11, 2013: In honor of Earth Month: Peter D. Ward, Ph.D., is a paleontologist and professor of Geological Sciences at the University of Washington. Ward specializes in the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event (the one that killed the dinosaurs), the…