The hydrosphere (from Greek ὕδωρ – hudōr, “water”[1] and σφαῖρα – sphaira, “sphere”[2]) in physical geography describes the combined mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrosphere

Hydrology & Water Systems Grand Challenges at the Interface of Climate

Grand Challenges at the Interface of Climate, Hydrology and Water Systems AGU Chapman Conference on Communicating Climate Science: A Historic Look to the Future 08 June 2013 — 13 June 2013, Granby, CO, USA Presenter: Peter Gleick Sunday, June 9, 2013, 3:40 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. Session: New and Bleeding Edge Topics in Climate Science…

A Looming Climate Shift: Will Ocean Heat Come Back to Haunt us?

By Rob Painting / SkepticalScience, June 24, 2013: Key Points: Despite a large increase in heat being absorbed by the Earth’s climate system(oceans, land & ice), the first decade of the 21st century saw a slowdown in the rate of global surface warming (surface air temperatures). A climate model-based study, Meehl (2011), predicted that this…

Sea Level Rise (SLR) threaten Miami 1-2 meters projected

This video is a text to speech version of the post: Scientist: ‘Miami, As We Know It Today, Is Doomed. It’s Not A Question Of If. It’s A Question Of When.’ by Joe Romm from June 24 2013http://thinkprogress.org/climate/2013… Google Earth visualization of projected sea level changes of 1 – 2 meters by ClimateState Follow ClimateState…

Vast methane ‘plumes’ seen in Arctic ocean as sea ice retreats

The Independent, December 13, 2011: Dramatic and unprecedented plumes of methane – a greenhouse gas 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide – have been seen bubbling to the surface of the Arctic Ocean by scientists undertaking an extensive survey of the region. The scale and volume of the methane release has astonished the head…

Secrets of Abrupt Climate Shifts revisited

The understanding of the puzzle about what is going on with our climate system and possible implications improved recently. Let’s begin with going back to 2006, here i quote an excerpt from the blog post “Revealed: Secrets of Abrupt Climate Shifts” via RealClimate, describing more robust understanding of the bipolar / see-saw mechanism of the…

Fresh water from rivers and rain makes hurricanes, typhoons, tropical cyclones 50 percent more intense

An analysis of a decade’s worth of tropical cyclones shows that when hurricanes blow over ocean regions swamped by fresh water, the conditions can unexpectedly intensify the storm. Although the probability that hurricanes will hit such conditions is small, ranging from 10 to 23 percent, the effect is potentially large: Hurricanes can become 50 percent…

Bacteria outbreak due to ocean warming

Warming in Baltic Sea linked to Vibrio infection cases +++ Number of cases may rise as oceans warm, become less saline By Nina Chestney Reuters On July 22, 2012: Manmade climate change is the main driver behind the unexpected emergence of a group of bacteria in northern Europe which can cause gastroenteritis, new research by…

Catastrophic sea levels ‘distinct possibility’ this century

A breakthrough study of fluctuations in sea levels the last time Earth was between ice ages, as it is now, shows that oceans rose some three meters in only decades due to collapsing ice sheets. The findings suggest that such an scenario — which would redraw coastlines worldwide and unleash colossal human misery — is…

Carbon Dioxide Is ‘Driving Fish Crazy’

Science Daily: Jan. 21, 2012 — Rising human carbon dioxide emissions may be affecting the brains and central nervous system of sea fishes with serious consequences for their survival, an international scientific team has found. Carbon dioxide concentrations predicted to occur in the ocean by the end of this century will interfere with fishes’ ability…