The Discovery of Abiotic Methane – A New Methane Hydrate Source (News Roundup)

A reservoir of abiotic methane has been discovered in the Arctic Ocean. This means that there is more of the greenhouse gas trapped under the seabed than previously thought. News: A reservoir of abiotic methane has been discovered in the Arctic Ocean https://cage.uit.no/news/new-source-methane-discovered-arctic-ocean/ Study: Abiotic methane from ultraslow-spreading ridges can charge Arctic gas hydrates http://geology.geoscienceworld.org/content/early/2015/03/27/G36440.1.full.pdf+html?ijkey=tNRcKxKHNcG5s&keytype=ref&siteid=gsgeology…

Siberian Arctic permafrost decay and methane escape

Widespread seafloor gas release from the seabed offshore the West Yamal Peninsula, suggests that permafrost has degraded more significantly than previously thought.  Gas is released in an area of at least 7500 km2 in water depths >20 m.((Offshore permafrost decay and massive seabed methane escape in water depths >20 m at the South Kara Sea shelf | http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50735/abstract | Alexey Portnov,…

Rivers of meltwater on Greenland’s ice sheet contribute to rising sea levels

Using satellite and field work after an extreme melt event in Greenland, a UCLA-led study finds that melt-prone areas on its ice sheet develop a remarkably efficient drainage system of stunning blue streams and rivers that carry meltwater into moulins (sinkholes) and ultimately the ocean. However, the team’s measurements at the ice’s edge show that…

Antarctic glaciers are sloshing seaward with accelerated speed

NBC: In Antarctica, glaciers are sloshing seaward at an ever faster clip, ocean waters are warming, and, perhaps counterintuitively, sea ice is expanding, according to a batch of recent studies that paint a stark picture of climate change unfolding at the far southern reaches of the globe. For people in North America, the distant events…

ScienceCasts: Climate Change and the Yin-Yang of Polar Sea Ice

Arctic and Antarctic sea ice are both affected by climate change, but the two poles of Earth are behaving in intriguingly different ways. Visit http://science.nasa.gov/ for more. Why Increasing Antarctic Sea Ice Doesn’t Mean Climate Change Isn’t Happening http://www.businessinsider.com/antarctic-sea-ice-climate-change-2014-12

ScienceCasts: The Cloudy Future of Arctic Sea Ice

As climate change continues to hammer Arctic sea ice, pushing back its summertime boundaries to record-high latitudes, NASA is flying an innovative airborne mission to find out how these developments will affect worldwide weather. NASA: Oct 15, 2014: Climate change is a global phenomenon, yet Earth scientists are keeping a wary eye on one place…

Bill McGuire: Modelling suggests with ice cap melt, an increase in volcanic activity

ClimateState interviewed Bill McGuire, Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences at the University College London, one of Britain’s leading volcanologists and contributing author to the 2011 IPCC report. He called for an early tsunami warning system (2004, The Guardian) and warned in his book The Waking Giant, of the Earth response (more earthquakes, tsunamis and landslides)…

Arctic Sea Ice, Summer 2014 (NASA animation)

An animation of daily Arctic sea ice extent in summer 2014, from March 21, 2014 to Sept. 17, 2014 – when the ice appeared to reach it’s minimum extent for the year. It’s the sixth lowest minimum sea ice extent in the satellite era. The data was provided by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency from…

Stefan Rahmstorf: The critical threshold, the “tipping point” in West Antarctica has now passed

Recently the ClimateState staff, interviewed Stefan Rahmstorf, Head of Earth System Analysis, at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). Robert Bristow: To get CO2 emissions under control – do you think some form of geoengineering (i.e CO2 scrubbing) will be desirable? Stefan Rahmstorf: The term geoengineering or climate engineering, encompasses a wide range…