Stefan Rahmstorf: The critical threshold, the “tipping point” in West Antarctica has now passed

Recently the ClimateState staff, interviewed Stefan Rahmstorf, Head of Earth System Analysis, at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). Robert Bristow: To get CO2 emissions under control – do you think some form of geoengineering (i.e CO2 scrubbing) will be desirable? Stefan Rahmstorf: The term geoengineering or climate engineering, encompasses a wide range…

Water’s Edge the crisis of rising sea levels: Accomack County, Virginia, under siege

As the seas rise, a slow-motion disaster gnaws at America’s shores A REUTERS investigation: Analysis finds that flooding is increasing along much of the nation’s coastline, forcing many communities into costly, controversial struggles with a relentless foe. From centuries-old fishing communities on Chesapeake Bay to a NASA space center on the Atlantic coast, a Virginia…

NASA: Four Decades of Sea Ice From Space

NASA: One of the most visible signs of climate change in recent years was not even visible at all until a few decades ago. The sea ice cap that covers the Arctic Ocean has been changing dramatically, especially in the last 15 years. Its ice is thinner and more vulnerable – and at its summer minimum…

Experts: Arctic craters could be ‘Visible Effect’ of Global Warming

The preliminary results from scientists studying the mysterious holes (craters), that began emerging in recent times in Siberia, indicate that climate change may be a cause. The Russian crater research team led by Alexei Plekhanov of the Scientific Centre of Arctic Studies, explained a possible mechanism, in a Nature interview. The past two summers were…

Cyanobacteria blooms (harmful algae blooms) and climate change

A  contamination with the hepatotoxic microcystin, of the water supply in Toledo, Ohio, resulted in warnings for approx. 500,000 residents not to drink or use tap water. NBC: Sewage from treatment plants and fertilizer from farms streamed into the lake, triggering an algae bloom near an intake valve that sends water to Toledo and more than a dozen surrounding communities. The…

Rapid sea-ice loss may increase the rate of Arctic land warming by 3.5 times – affecting permafrost

Recently a mysterious Siberian crater has been discovered, which subsequently raised questions about the circumstances surrounding the crater formation.  Theories include Pingo formation and connections to the thawing of permafrost (ClimateState reported). Robert Scribbler, summed it up: One theory on the feature is that it might be a pingo — a melting of a permafrost water pocket…

Extreme Weather July 2014 United States – Record Flames and Record Floods Across the Nation

On July 22, 2014, ABC reports record breaking flash floods in North Carolina, pounding hail in Nevada, record wildfires in central Washington, and severe weather across the Nation. Related The devastating drought in California before and after images taken from Space The California drought and climate disruption Disasters Poised to Sweep Away Development Gains Danger…

Everything you need to know about Mass Extinction, Sea Level Rise and Amplification

Professor Peter Ward (Professor, Sprigg Institute of Geobiology, The University of Adelaide) explains the interconnections of rising carbon dioxide levels and flood basalt, and how it leads to anoxic oceans (with Hydrogen sulfide). Ward explains how today’s CO2 levels will result in sea level rise with disrupting implications for crops and how deglaciation will ultimately…

The devastating drought in California before and after images taken from Space

[twentytwenty][/twentytwenty] NASA recently published above satellite images from California, one was taken on July 2, 2011, just as the latest dry period began (Before), and the other was acquired on June 25, 2014 (After). The state is becoming increasingly less green, because of the persistent drought conditions. Also notice how the land based water drys…

Super Typhoon Rammasun makes landfall in China (Update)

Video, David McKenzie (CNN) describes China’s preparations to deal with the enormous Typhoon Rammasun, and considered the strongest typhoon in 40 years, to target China. Jeff Masters: Deadly Typhoon Rammasun is located about 440NM NW of Manila heading towards the South China Island of Hainan (population of 9 million). Latest satellite imagery estimates indicate the…

Record floods, submerged Fenghuang ancient town, Hunan province – July 2014

Severer storms caused record floods in the ancient Chinese town of Fenghuang (Hunan province),  Guizhou province and Jiangxi province. Today (Saturday 18th, July 2014) Rammasun, a super typhoon is approaching the China coast, considered the strongest storm to target China in 40 years. The Telegraph: According to China’s official Xinhua news agency, the Tuojiang river in…

Tropospheric Ozone in the Anthropocene: Are We Creating a Toxic Atmosphere?

Published on Feb 19, 2014: Jack Fishman explains how elevated ozone levels damage plants, affecting crop yields. Factors among ozone levels include, precipitation and temperature. Further studies found that yields present a consistent function depending on the ozone concentrations. Laboratory simulations suggest that the findings of the yield decline are a trend, which is projected…