The Significance of El Niño and Its Impacts

This event (December 2014), shows the significance of El Niño through observations—satellite, in situ, and model simulations—its physical mechanisms and associated biological and biogeochemical impacts, with a focus on the Equatorial Pacific and South America. The event provides a detailed discussion on seasonal ENSO forecasts and will bridge together knowledge from other domestic and international…

This image explains what is wrong with climate change coverage in the USA

Yesterday Obama delivered a historic speech about national security and climate change, at a US coast guard academy. Additionally the White House released a report, which summed up the conclusions from security experts on climate change. Today, if you go to Google News and type in “climate change”, you get something like below picture, 593 media articles on…

On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air Upon the Temperature of the Ground

In 1896, Svante Arrhenius published below study on the greenhouse effect, the required carbon dioxide gas concentrations for change, and temperature variations deriving from mean, and processes in the climate system which draw down CO2, and the effects of CO2 on the climate on geological times, and elaborated on possible timescales of climate change. Arrhenius estimated based on the CO2 levels at…

Observing Antarctic Glaciers – Eric Rignot

Eric Rignot from UC Irvine discusses Observing Antarctic Glaciers. This talk was part of The Sleeping Giant: Measuring Ocean Ice Interactions in Antarctica short course at the Keck Institute for Space Studies at Caltech on September 9, 2013. Related Widespread, rapid grounding line retreat of Pine Island, Thwaites, Smith, and Kohler glaciers, West Antarctica, from…

Sea Level Rise Projections until 2100, a nonlinear response?

Past sea level rise is not captured by models yet, in particular the response from ice sheets in Antarctica due to global warming. Projections therefore can often be regarded to potentially underestimate future sea level rise. For example, Overpeck et al. (2006), and Hansen (2007) suggest possibilities which could eventually lead to a nonlinear response…

NASA: Vast Antarctic ice shelf a few years from disintegration

NASA has found that the last section of Antarctica’s Larsen B Ice Shelf is likely to disintegrate before the end of the decade. Transcript: We know that this ice shelf existed for at least 11 to 12 thousand years. In 2002, two-thirds of it collapsed in less than six weeks. In the intervening period between…

Ocean May Be Melting Totten Glacier Says Study

Ocean access to a cavity beneath Totten Glacier in East Antarctica http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v8/n4/full/ngeo2388.html Totten Glacier, the primary outlet of the Aurora Subglacial Basin, has the largest thinning rate in East Antarctica1, 2. Thinning may be driven by enhanced basal melting due to ocean processes3, modulated by polynya activity4, 5. Warm modified Circumpolar Deep Water, which has…

A world with this much CO²: lessons from 4 million years ago

With Dr Chris Brierley, UCL Geography In Spring last year, carbon dioxide concentrations passed 400 parts per million in the atmosphere — a level not seen since the Pliocene era (3-5 million years ago), and perhaps not even then. We know that the Pliocene was a warm world without glacial cycles, and that the climate…

NASA, NOAA Find 2014 Warmest Year in Modern Record

The year 2014 ranks as Earth’s warmest since 1880, according to two separate analyses by NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) scientists. The 10 warmest years in the instrumental record, with the exception of 1998, have now occurred since 2000. This trend continues a long-term warming of the planet, according to an analysis…

The Discovery of Abiotic Methane – A New Methane Hydrate Source (News Roundup)

A reservoir of abiotic methane has been discovered in the Arctic Ocean. This means that there is more of the greenhouse gas trapped under the seabed than previously thought. News: A reservoir of abiotic methane has been discovered in the Arctic Ocean https://cage.uit.no/news/new-source-methane-discovered-arctic-ocean/ Study: Abiotic methane from ultraslow-spreading ridges can charge Arctic gas hydrates http://geology.geoscienceworld.org/content/early/2015/03/27/G36440.1.full.pdf+html?ijkey=tNRcKxKHNcG5s&keytype=ref&siteid=gsgeology…