NASA’s 2018 Permafrost Special “All Hell Breaks Lose”

This week, #NASAExplorers head back in time…by going underground. In the Arctic, a frozen layer of soil – permafrost – trapped dead plants and animals for thousands of years. As the climate warms, that soil is beginning to thaw, releasing carbon dioxide and methane. Release via https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y7ZbghndiwQ

The 5 Big Climate Unknowns

Climate unknowns include the rate of sea level rise, ozone loss, how the Gulf Stream will react and what it possibly means, the Earth’s response, and the potential for extra methane release from methane clathrates, stored at continental margins. There are many more climate unknowns, for example elaborated in this article https://thinkprogress.org/what-are-the-unknown-unknowns-of-global-warming-1438d934bdee Climate Change Interview…

In Just 10-15 Years World May Hit 2 Degrees of Warming

Back in 2011, a Cornell University research team first made the groundbreaking discovery that leaking methane from the shale gas fracking boom could make burning fracked gas worse for the climate than coal. https://www.desmogblog.com/2018/04/11/climate-change-two-degree-warming-fracking-natural-gas-rush-ingraffea Why a half-degree temperature rise is a big deal https://climate.nasa.gov/news/2458/why-a-half-degree-temperature-rise-is-a-big-deal Paris 1.5-2°C target far from safe, say world-leading scientists http://www.climatecodered.org/2017/07/paris-15-2c-target-far-from-safe-say.html Transcript…

Thousands of little Volcano like Hills form in Arctic!

Scientist speculated that pingos may erupt and lead to the creation of craters – small lakes, thaw ponds. New satellite observations reveal continuous trend. The Siberian Times article, Pingo in Arctic goo.gl/mwNnEF / http://siberiantimes.com/other/others/news/crater-formed-by-exploding-pingo-in-arctic-erupts-a-second-time-from-methane-emissions/ The trend from frozen tundra soils shifting to thermokarst erosion and thaw ponds, may in the future be exacerbated by increased…

An introduction to Methane Hydrates

This lecture was held in 2008 by Scripps Institution of Oceanography geochemist Miriam Kastner. This version has been slightly edited.

Release via https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSTm6cZjO14

Further reading
=============

Methane clathrate https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methane_clathrate

Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum –
Ocean https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleocene–Eocene_Thermal_Maximum#Ocean

Teaser image credit: Yannis Papanastasopoulos on Unsplash

Music by WOWSound, “Tree of Life”.

Permafrost may release largest Mercury source on Earth

There are 32 million gallons worth of mercury, or the equivalent of 50 Olympic swimming pools, trapped in the permafrost. For context, that’s “twice as much mercury as the rest of all soils, the atmosphere, and oceans combined. And it could be released. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2018/02/05/the-arctic-is-full-of-toxic-mercury-and-climate-change-is-going-to-release-it Ambarchik: Research on permafrost at the Siberian arctic coast https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZhGcJnRgzy4 Permafrost…

Natural Gas (Methane) likely make Climate much worse

The evidence is overwhelming that natural gas has no net climate benefit on timescales that matters to humans. A new study found that just the methane emissions leaking from New Mexico’s gas and oil industry are equivalent to the climate impact of approximately 12 coal-fired power plants. https://thinkprogress.org/natural-gas-no-climate-benefit-b9118a087875 Natural Gas has Major Role in Climate…

China Extracts Ocean Methane Hydrates

China claims breakthrough in mining ‘flammable ice’ (2017) http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-39971667

Methane hydrate: Dirty fuel or energy saviour? (2014) http://www.bbc.com/news/business-27021610

China extracts 235,000 cubic meters of combustible ice from #SouthChinaSea, beating previous expectations for the mining operation https://twitter.com/XHNews/status/877834019701891074

Methane clathrates (hydrates) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methane_clathrate

Music by Stephen Lu http://chibola.com

Like Champagne opened, methane explosions resulted in Ocean craters

Like ‘champagne bottles being opened’: Scientists document an ancient Arctic methane explosion What could possibly go wrong, ignoring climate change, the warnings or clues from what science tells us, even if we were just creating a better world with clean energy, and millions of new jobs? One thing which could go very wrong, are based…

Methane in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (2017)

The East Siberian Arctic Shelf has received more attention in recent years in regards to a potential contribution of the greenhouse gas methane, for the global methane budget, from several different sources. However, more studies are required to better constrain this potential accelerator of ongoing climate change. Natalia Shakhova (2014), via Max Wilbert https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHziSe96UHY Natalia…