Research links abrupt paleoclimatic change to possible methane hydrate destabilization

Using a core sample from the Santa Barbara Basin, UCSB researchers decipher the history of paleoclimate change with surprising results By Julie Cohen (UCSB): Global climate change isn’t new — the phenomenon has been around for millions of years. But now, a core from the ocean floor in the Santa Barbara Basin provides a remarkable…

Doubling times of 10, 20 or 40 years yield sea level rise of several meters

According to a new study, sea level rise of several meters might happen faster then previously thought. Based on data from past climate changes, when sea level rose to +5–9 m, including the occurrence of extreme storms – during a time when temperatures were less than 1 ◦C warmer than today, experts warn of similar…

A world with this much CO²: lessons from 4 million years ago

With Dr Chris Brierley, UCL Geography In Spring last year, carbon dioxide concentrations passed 400 parts per million in the atmosphere — a level not seen since the Pliocene era (3-5 million years ago), and perhaps not even then. We know that the Pliocene was a warm world without glacial cycles, and that the climate…

Abrupt Climate Change explained by Jim White, 12 Minutes excerpt (@AGU 2014)

Climate is changing as humans put more and more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. With CO2 levels today around 400ppm, we are clearly committed to far more climate change, both in the near term, and well beyond our children’s future. A key question is how that change will occur. Abrupt climate changes are those that…

Bill McGuire: Modelling suggests with ice cap melt, an increase in volcanic activity

Climate State interviewed Bill McGuire, Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences at the University College London, one of Britain’s leading volcanologists and contributing author to the 2011 IPCC report. He called for an early tsunami warning system (2004, The Guardian) and warned in his book The Waking Giant, of the Earth response (more earthquakes, tsunamis and…

Experts: Arctic craters could be ‘Visible Effect’ of Global Warming

The preliminary results from scientists studying the mysterious holes (craters), that began emerging in recent times in Siberia, indicate that climate change may be a cause. The Russian crater research team led by Alexei Plekhanov of the Scientific Centre of Arctic Studies, explained a possible mechanism, in a Nature interview. The past two summers were…

Novel climate proxy reveals CO2 content of Earth’s atmosphere, of the past 400 million years

The study New constraints on atmospheric CO2 concentration for the Phanerozoic (DOI: 10.1002/2014GL060457), by Peter J. Franks, Dana L. Royer, David J. Beerling , Peter K. Van de Water, David J. Cantrill, Margaret M. Barbour, and Joseph A. Berry, estimates CO2 in Earth history based on a new climate proxy. Estimates are in particular based…

Everything you need to know about Mass Extinction, Sea Level Rise and Amplification

Professor Peter Ward (Professor, Sprigg Institute of Geobiology, The University of Adelaide) explains the interconnections of rising carbon dioxide levels and flood basalt, and how it leads to anoxic oceans (with Hydrogen sulfide). Ward explains how today’s CO2 levels will result in sea level rise with disrupting implications for crops and how deglaciation will ultimately…

Tropospheric Ozone in the Anthropocene: Are We Creating a Toxic Atmosphere?

Published on Feb 19, 2014: Jack Fishman explains how elevated ozone levels damage plants, affecting crop yields. Factors among ozone levels include, precipitation and temperature. Further studies found that yields present a consistent function depending on the ozone concentrations. Laboratory simulations suggest that the findings of the yield decline are a trend, which is projected…

IPCC Climate Change Report The Five Key Points

The Guardian recently summarized the five keypoints of the new IPCC AR5 Impact Report. The world faces threat to food supply, conflicts over water rights and growing inequality. The only option to is cut emissions By Suzanne Goldenberg (The Guardian): 1. Food threat Climate change is already taking a sizeable chunk out of global food supply…

Worst Weather Ever: Record Breaking Heat Waves Explained

National Geographic: Experts compare modern heat waves to the past and show what’s really going on with Carbon Dioxide. Related Some 15% of Pacific islands wiped out by 1m sea level rise – IPCC Carbon dioxide benchmark hits new heights, worries scientists Citigroup says the ‘Age of Renewables’ has begun

The cost of living in the Anthropocene

What are the true cost of living in the Anthropocene? Wikipedia: The Anthropocene is an informal geologic chronological term that serves to mark the evidence and extent of human activities that have had a significant global impact on the Earth‘s ecosystems. The term was coined recently by ecologist Eugene F. Stoermer and has been widely popularized by the Nobel Prize-winning atmospheric chemist, Paul Crutzen, who regards the…

Climate Effects on Human Evolution

This article explores the hypothesis that key human adaptations evolved in response to environmental instability.  This idea was developed during research conducted by the Smithsonian’s Human Origins Program. Natural selection was not always a matter of ‘survival of the fittest’ but also survival of those most adaptable to changing surroundings. By the Smithonian  Background Paleoanthropologists – scientists who…