The hydrosphere (from Greek ὕδωρ – hudōr, “water”[1] and σφαῖρα – sphaira, “sphere”[2]) in physical geography describes the combined mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrosphere

Everything you need to know about Mass Extinction, Sea Level Rise and Amplification

Professor Peter Ward (Professor, Sprigg Institute of Geobiology, The University of Adelaide) explains the interconnections of rising carbon dioxide levels and flood basalt, and how it leads to anoxic oceans (with Hydrogen sulfide). Ward explains how today’s CO2 levels will result in sea level rise with disrupting implications for crops and how deglaciation will ultimately…

Why is Antarctic sea ice expanding?

By Laura Naranjo (NSIDC), first published January 31, 2014. In the following  an edited version, reposted here with permission. Antarctic sea ice is ruled by very different systems than Arctic sea ice. The reasons behind this increase are complex, and several recent studies show that scientists are still trying to understand them. Ice and wind Atmospheric…

New mechanism uncovered, causing potentially rapid Antarctic Glacier melt

An Australian-led research team found that sea levels may rise much faster than previously predicted by models, because changes by disruptive westerly winds, weren’t taken into account. Conservative estimates so far, projected irreversible melting in the course of a few centuries, depending on the temperature increase. Related Each degree of global warming might ultimately raise…

With further Arctic Amplification, How fast will Greenhouse Gas emissions accelerate in the Arctic Circle?

Introduction to Methane Hydrate “Methane Hydrates and Contemporary Climate Change” (2011) IDENTIFICATION This post “A Mechanism for Shallow Methane Hydrate Dissociation”, explores possible mechanism which could release vast quantities of shallow Methane Hydrate into the ocean and atmosphere.       CH4 Release The following studies explore the release of CH4 emissions in the Arctic region. OBSERVATION…

The Rate of Sea-Level Rise

A new study paper out in nature (Nature Climate Change / 2014 / doi:10.1038/nclimate2159), explores why the rise of sea-level has slowed in the last decade. Unsurprisingly the slow-down coincidences with the observed climate hiatus (IPCC AR5, Ocean heat content uptake). Because  heat is distributed differently, depending on the state of ENSO (between El Nino or La Nina). Abstract: Present-day sea-level…

Spot On – Rising Seas in South Florida (PBS 2014)

PBS: Flood-prone South Florida considers proactive investment against rising seas March 19, 2014 (with Transcript). White House starting to make bigger climate change push – will help protect #SWWater if successful, but … http://t.co/OA7EX3OhgQ — Jonathan Overpeck (@TucsonPeck) March 21, 2014 Visit the new White House climate website https://climate.data.gov

Global Warming Speeds Up Methane Emissions from Freshwater

By Tim Radford (Climate News Network): Scientists think the amount of methane emitted to the atmosphere from freshwater ecosystems will increase as the climate warms, triggering further warming. LONDON, 20 March – British scientists have identified yet another twist to the threat of global warming. Any further rises in temperature are likely to accelerate the release of methane from…

Dr. Richard Rood on Atmospheric Cycles

ClimateCrocks: Dr. Richard  Rood is a Veteran NASA Atmospheric Scientist, currently teaching at theUniversity of Michigan’s College of Atmopheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences. Dr. Rood also posts regularly on Dr. Jeff Master’s Weather Underground. I sat down with Dr. Rood not long ago to talk about developments in climate science. This is a small, but significant…

The Antarctic Half of the Global Thermohaline Circulation is Collapsing

By FishOutOfWater (DailyKos): The largest source of the coldest water in the world’s oceans ceased producing Antarctic Bottom Water in 1976. The surface water around Antarctica, which has be been freshening since the 1950’s, formed a lid of low-density water stopping the overturning process in the Weddell sea near the coast of Antarctica. The Weddell…

El Niño impacts

Find out how simple changes in ocean currents can lead to catastrophic weather conditions. Wikipedia: El Niño (/ɛlˈniːnjoʊ/, /-ˈnɪn-/, Spanish pronunciation: [el ˈniɲo]) is a band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that periodically develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climatic changes across the Pacific Ocean. There is a phase…

NASA: Perpetual Ocean

This visualization shows ocean surface currents around the world during the period from June 2005 through Decemeber 2007. The visualization does not include a narration or annotations; the goal was to use ocean flow data to create a simple, visceral experience. This visualization was produced using NASA/JPL’s computational model called Estimating the Circulation and Climate…

Scientists: IPCC Underestimating Sea Level Rise

The Vision Prize is an online survey of scientists about climate risk. It’s an impartial and independent research platform for incentivized polling of experts on important scientific issues that are relevant to policymakers. Some of theirprevious survey results have found that about 90 percent of participating scientists believe that humans are the primary cause of…

Global Warming Speed Bump? The Answer May Be Blowing in the Wind!

By Michael E. Mann via HuffingtonPost: An interesting new paper by Matthew England and colleagues just published in the journal Nature Climate Change tosses another hat in the ring when it comes to explanations of the so-called “hiatus” or “pause” (I prefer “speed bump”) in global warming. As I have discussed previously, the fact that global surface temperatures have not increased…

Flooded Soil Science

Repost from 2012:  Kate Scow – Professor of Soil Science and Microbial Ecology, UC Davis setup an excellent wiki entry about flooding on soils. Flooded soils occur with complete water saturation of soil pores, and generally result in anoxic conditions of the soil environment. Flooded soil environments may include such ecosystem as: rice paddies; wetlands (swamps,…