NASA: Perpetual Ocean

This visualization shows ocean surface currents around the world during the period from June 2005 through Decemeber 2007. The visualization does not include a narration or annotations; the goal was to use ocean flow data to create a simple, visceral experience. This visualization was produced using NASA/JPL’s computational model called Estimating the Circulation and Climate…

Ocean Acidification Summary for Policymakers 2013

Published by IGBP November 14, 2013 This summary for policymakers reports on the state of scientific knowledge on ocean acidification, based on the latest research presented at The Third Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World, held in Monterey, California, in September 2012. Experts present the projected changes from ocean acidification for ecosystems and the people who rely on…

Abrupt Climate Change In The Arctic (And Beyond) An Update

AGU Fall Meeting 2013: Our understanding of future Arctic change is informed by the history of past changes, which often have been both large and abrupt. The well-known ice-age events such as the Younger Dryas show how sea-ice changes can amplify forcing to produce very large responses, with wintertime sea ice especially important. These changes…

Anoxia and Euxinia Ocean Environmental Change

Reconstructing the history of euxinia in a coastal sea Caroline P. Slomp, 2013 DOI 10.1130/focus0420131.1 Web http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/41/4/523.full Areas of the coastal ocean where oxygen is low or absent in bottom waters, so-called dead zones, are expanding worldwide (Diaz and Rosenberg, 2008). Increased inputs of nutrients from land are enhancing algal blooms, and the sinking of this…

Our Future In a World Without Ice Caps – Peter Ward

Brown Bag Lecture Series; Center for Student Engagement & Leadership; and Arts, Culture, and Civic Engagement Apr. 11, 2013: In honor of Earth Month: Peter D. Ward, Ph.D., is a paleontologist and professor of Geological Sciences at the University of Washington. Ward specializes in the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event (the one that killed the dinosaurs), the…

Ocean Acidification in Earth’s Past: Insights to the Future – James Zachos

Presented by James Zachos, Ph.D., University of California at Santa Cruz, at the 2013 Metcalf Institute Annual Public Lecture Series, June 13, 2013. Related Long-term legacy of massive carbon input to the Earthsystem: Anthropocene versus Eocene

Global warming could change strength of El Nino

Via Phys.org September 11, 2013: Global warming could impact the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), altering the cycles of El Niño and La Niña events that bring extreme drought and flooding to Australia and many other Pacific-rim countries. New research published in Nature Geoscience using coral samples from Kiribati has revealed how the ENSO cycle has changed…

Estimating northern polar CH4 flux

A compilation of related science with some commentary. Microbes in thawing permafrost: the unknown variable in the climate change equation David E Graham, Matthew D Wallenstein, Tatiana A Vishnivetskaya, Mark P Waldrop,Tommy J Phelps, Susan M Pfiffner, Tullis C Onstott, Lyle G Whyte, Elizaveta M Rivkina,David A Gilichinsky, Dwayne A Elias, Rachel Mackelprang, Nathan C…

A Mechanism for Shallow Methane Hydrate Dissociation

I previously looked at the science and commercial usage of Methane Hydrate, at freshwater influx in the Arctic Circle and asked  Does Freshwater Runoff in the Arctic change Ocean Circulation to Unlock Methane Hydrate in the Deep Ocean? This post covers: Identification of possible mechanism which could eventually release vast quantities of shallow Methane Hydrate…

Does Freshwater Runoff in the Arctic change Ocean Circulation to Unlock Methane Hydrate in the Deep Ocean?

Recently freshwater intake into the Arctic Circle have changed ocean currents, in the following a collection of related science, and what if freshwater currents drive warmer water into the deep ocean and unlock methane hydrates? Mechanism have been identified recently. Arctic freshwater input into the North Pacific could serve as a catalyst for methane hydrate…

The Late Triassic Extinction, Persistent Photic Zone Euxinia, and Rising Sea Levels

Elevated pCO2 leading to Late Triassic extinction, persistent photic zone euxinia, and rising sea levels Caroline M.B. Jaraula, Kliti Grice, Richard J. Twitchett, Michael E. Böttcher, Pierre LeMetayer, Apratim G. Dastidar and L. Felipe Opazo doi:10.1130/G34183.1 Abstract The Late Triassic mass extinction event is the most severe global warming-related crisis to have affected important extant…

Secrets of Abrupt Climate Shifts revisited

The understanding of the puzzle about what is going on with our climate system and possible implications improved recently. Let’s begin with going back to 2006, here i quote an excerpt from the blog post “Revealed: Secrets of Abrupt Climate Shifts” via RealClimate, describing more robust understanding of the bipolar / see-saw mechanism of the…

NASA: Arctic Ocean Currents Changed

The transpolar drift (purple arrows) is a dominant circulation feature in the Arctic Ocean that carries freshwater runoff (red arrows) from rivers in Russia across the North Pole and south towards Greenland. Under changing atmospheric conditions, emergent circulation patterns (blue arrows) drive freshwater runoff east towards Canada, resulting in freshening of Arctic water in the…