Earth Energy Imbalance

James Hansen explains Earth energy imbalance from anthropogenic forcing and the urgency to act, because of the climate inertia. Earth’s Energy Imbalance By James Hansen, Makiko Sato, Pushker Kharecha and Karina von Schuckmann — January 2012   Deployment of an international array of Argo floats, measuring ocean heat content to a depth of 2000 m,…

Can scientists overcome huge uncertainties to pin down how close, or far, we might be to a tipping point?

A 2007 Royal Society paper by NASA scientist Drew Shindell: “… the rarity of palaeoclimate evidence for hydrate-induced climate changes argues that this is a fairly unlikely candidate for near-term sudden climate change. Unlike the others, however, anthropogenic climate change may alter the probability of hydrate release when compared with the past, making the overall…

Estimating northern polar CH4 flux

A compilation of related science with some commentary. Microbes in thawing permafrost: the unknown variable in the climate change equation David E Graham, Matthew D Wallenstein, Tatiana A Vishnivetskaya, Mark P Waldrop,Tommy J Phelps, Susan M Pfiffner, Tullis C Onstott, Lyle G Whyte, Elizaveta M Rivkina,David A Gilichinsky, Dwayne A Elias, Rachel Mackelprang, Nathan C…

Heat stress reduces labor capacity under climate warming

NOAA study about heat stress and projected labor impact: John P. Dunne, Ronald J. Stouffer, and Jasmin G. John. Journal: Nature Climate Change. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1827 Key Findings Due to projected increases in temperature and water vapor in the atmosphere: Labor capacity losses related to heat stress are projected to double globally by 2050 with a warming climate. Global…

Global CH4 Atmospheric Methane Average 1811ppb(METOP-2)

Continuing the global CH4 methane average jump, on August 13, 2013 am, 0-12 hr, we hit a new high average of 1811 ppb. A comment at Arctic Sea Ice Forum notes: “Assumed methane emissions for the RCP scenarios; which clearly shows that we are now exceeding the methane emissions assumed for RCP 8.5; which is…

Newly discovered Mesospheric Polar Clouds possible indicator of Global Warming

The Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere (AIM) mission is the first satellite dedicated to the study of noctilucent clouds. Noctilucent clouds, sometimes called Polar Mesospheric Clouds, were first reported in 1885. Forming at altitudes above 50 miles, they are so faint that they can only be seen from the ground in the reflected light…

A Mechanism for Shallow Methane Hydrate Dissociation

I previously looked at the science and commercial usage of Methane Hydrate, at freshwater influx in the Arctic Circle and asked  Does Freshwater Runoff in the Arctic change Ocean Circulation to Unlock Methane Hydrate in the Deep Ocean? This post covers: Identification of possible mechanism which could eventually release vast quantities of shallow Methane Hydrate…

NASA: Potential Evaporation in North America Through 2100 (August 2013 in HD)

Published on Aug 9, 2013 by NASA: This animation shows the projected increase in potential evaporation through the year 2100, relative to 1980, based on the combined results of multiple climate models. The maximum increase across North America is about 1 mm/day by 2100. This concept, potential evaporation, is a measure of drying potential or…

The Late Triassic Extinction, Persistent Photic Zone Euxinia, and Rising Sea Levels

Elevated pCO2 leading to Late Triassic extinction, persistent photic zone euxinia, and rising sea levels Caroline M.B. Jaraula, Kliti Grice, Richard J. Twitchett, Michael E. Böttcher, Pierre LeMetayer, Apratim G. Dastidar and L. Felipe Opazo doi:10.1130/G34183.1 Abstract The Late Triassic mass extinction event is the most severe global warming-related crisis to have affected important extant…

Atmospheric Oxygen

Dr. Ralph Keeling on atmospheric Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide. Ralph Keeling is the current program director of the Scripps CO2 Program. He is also a Professor and the Principal Investigator for the Atmospheric Oxygen Research Group at SIO.   Atmospheric Oxygen Levels are Decreasing Oxygen levels are decreasing globally due to fossil-fuel burning. The changes are too…